Treating facial injuries is truly both science and art. Due to its complex structure and the critical importance of aesthetics, the skeletal structure of the face is very unique when compared to the rest of the body. Because the upper jawbone, the “maxilla”, also includes the nose and eye sockets, oral surgeons have an advantage when working with nearly all structures of the face thanks to a keen understanding of how these different features work together to create your unique look.
There are many culprits when it comes to facial trauma, however the usual causes are:
- Sports Injuries
- Car Accidents
- Violence and Fighting
- Work-Related Accidents
Some of the most common types of facial injuries:
Soft Tissue Injuries:
Lacerations on the face and inside the mouth are treated with great concern for the cosmetic outcome of the injury post treatment. Care is taken regarding the positioning of nerves, glands and ducts to avoid medical complications.
Teeth that have been knocked out (“avulsion”) can be saved if you act quickly. If your tooth gets knocked out, rinse (but don’t wipe) the tooth with cool water, and replace it in the socket, holding it there with gauze until you can access emergency care.
Broken Facial Bones:
Because we cannot put a cast or a splint on the face, we must rely on other methods, such as screws and plates that secure fractured bones while they heal. Extremely careful consideration is taken to avoid (or hide) any scars on the soft tissue.
Injury to the jaw is treated similarly, often with plates and screws and sometimes, if necessary, the “wiring of the jaw” to realign the bite properly if there are occlusal issues resulting from the injury.
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